The Rotator Cuff injury is the most prominent of all shoulder injuries in America. There are 3 million cases of this injury every year. Understanding the inner workings of the rotator cuff injury is important as a result of this high injury rate. Knowing how to care for yourself regarding muscle health with injury-related Medical Massage and Sports Massage can benefit you greatly.
Four muscles make up what we know as the rotator cuff, the Supraspinatus, the Infraspinatus, the Teres Minor, and the Subscapularis. (See Picture Above and Below) The Supraspinatus raises your arm the first 15 degrees before the Deltoid finishes the job. The Infraspinatus and the Teres Minor rotate the arm outward. The Subscapularis rotates the arm inward (swimmers and climbers use this muscle a lot). The overall job of the rotator cuff is to stabilize the shoulder and rotate the shoulder. It does help raise the arm a bit as well. The muscle that is most often torn in a rotator cuff injury is the Supraspinatus. The pain is a deep, dull ache, which makes it difficult to do certain movements. Movements like brushing your hair or reaching behind your back, really anything that involves moving the shoulder up or back, become difficult.
The chances of injuring the rotator cuff increases as a person’s age goes up. As we age, we lose muscle mass and muscle strength as a natural part of life, so the chances of injury go up. There are some helpful hints below that will assist in the lessening of injuries now and as you age. Injuries, though, can occur as early as 14 or sooner due to sports and activities. An injury of this sort can take up to six months to heal without surgery.